A Program Logic for Concurrent Objects under Fair Scheduling


Existing work on verifying concurrent objects is mostly concerned with safety only, e.g., partial correctness or linearizability. Although there has been recent work verifying lock-freedom of non-blocking objects, much less efforts are focused on deadlock-freedom and starvation-freedom, progress properties of blocking objects. These properties are more challenging to verify than lock-freedom because they allow the progress of one thread to depend on the progress of another, assuming fair scheduling.
We propose LiLi, a new rely-guarantee style program logic for verifying linearizability and progress together for concurrent objects under fair scheduling. The rely-guarantee style logic unifies thread-modular reasoning about both starvation-freedom and deadlock-freedom in one framework. It also establishes progress-aware abstraction for concurrent objects, which can be applied when verifying safety and liveness of client code. We have successfully applied the logic to verify starvation-freedom or deadlock-freedom of representative algorithms such as ticket locks, queue locks, lock-coupling lists, optimistic lists and lazy lists.
In Proc. 43rd ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages (POPL'16), St. Petersburg, Florida, USA, pages 385 - 399, January 2016. ©2016 ACM.